How To Make Activated Carbon From Coconut Shell?

AGICO Offers EPC Projects Of Manufacturing Coconut Shell Activated Carbon

Biomass Carbonization Capacity8-25 t/d

Carbon Activation Capacity3-10 t/d


Do you have a lot of coconut shells and don’t know what to do with them? Do you want to turn waste into treasure and discover new investment directions?

AGICO provides customers with tailor-made coconut shell activated carbon production solutions. FREE CONSULTATION, don’t hesitate to tell us your need!

Coconut shell is the hard inner shell that houses the coconut kernel. It comes as a by-product of coconut meat and coconut milk processing and is often considered agricultural waste. While coconut shells actually have many other uses, not least in the production of activated carbon. Compared with bamboo, wood, oil palm, and other raw materials, the activated carbon produced by it has higher adsorption capacity and efficiency.

High Safety & Non-toxic

Among all types of activated carbon, only coconut shell activated carbon and fruit shell activated carbon are suitable for drinking water purification. They are odorless, tasteless, and non-toxic, which is the best choice for industries with high safety requirements such as food and edible oil.

coconut shell

Excellent Adsorption & Long Service Life

Compared with other activated carbons, coconut shell activated carbon has the most developed pore structure and high iodine value. Therefore, it has strong wear-resistant and adsorption performance, which can absorb more substances and prolong the service life (2-3 years).

Environmentally Friendly

The raw material of coconut shell activated carbon is renewable. Coconut trees absorb carbon from the atmosphere and then produce oxygen. Coconut shells contain these carbons and are processed into activated carbon. This is a natural way of reusing natural resources.

Why choose to invest in coconut shell activated carbon manufacturing?

Easy Obtained Raw Material: the coconut tree is grown in more than 80 countries, such as Indonesia, Philippines, India, Sri Lanka, and other Southeast Asian and Pacific countries. The coconut is available throughout the year, grows with large output, and the coconut shell is easy to store.

Immense Markets: coconut shell activated carbon is in great demand in the market. It is available in many fields, such as drinking water purification, sewage purification, food production, pharmaceutical preparation, flue gas purification, etc. The vast market guarantees sales volume and huge profits.

Mature Production Technology: whether it is chemical activation or physical activation, the production process of coconut shell activated carbon is very mature. The modern activated carbon production line can achieve high output and high automation while ensuring product quality.

Coconut Shell Activated Carbon Manufacturing Process

The production method of coconut shell activated carbon can be divided into chemical activation methods and physical activation methods.

Chemical activation is a series of crosslinking or polycondensation reactions between chemical reagents and coconut shell carbonized materials so that the carbonized materials have a rich microporous structure.

Physical activation is to use air, carbon dioxide, water vapor, and other oxidizing gases to react with carbon atoms in the coconut shell carbonized material at high temperatures so that the carbonized material has a rich microporous structure.

The production time of the chemical activation method is short and the required temperature is low. However, the use of a large amount of chemical reagents increases the production cost and has a strong corrosion effect on the equipment, especially in the later stage, a large amount of water is required for washing. These wastewaters can only meet the environmental protection discharge requirements after complex treatment processes. It is for this reason that many people choose to use the physical activation method to produce activated carbon because the process is simple and clean, but the energy consumption is slightly higher.

* The activation method in the following production process is physical activation.

Step1: Raw Material Preparation

As raw material, large quantities of coconut shells need to be cleaned first to remove dust and impurities on the surface and then dried, crushed, and screened to obtain prepared coconut shell fragments of moderate size. Next, they are sent to the carbonization furnace.

Step2: Raw Material Carbonization

The coconut shell carbonization is mainly completed in the carbonization furnace. Under high temperatures (150-650°C), coconut shell undergoes a series of physical changes (dehydration and degassing, such as CO, CO2, H2S, etc.) and chemical changes (polycondensation and pyrolysis) to finally form a carbonized material with a primary pore structure.

Step3: Carbon Activation

The carbonized coconut shell is activated in an activation furnace. Under high temperatures (800-1050°C), the water vapor, carbon dioxide, or air are taken as activating gases to oxidize the carbonized coconut shell for further enlarging the original pores in the body, create new pores, and remove tar and other substances.

Step 4: Washing & Drying

The washing and drying is an optional process. It aims to remove impurities and heavy metals inside the activated carbon. The washing process includes acid washing and water washing which is carried out in the washing tank.

Step 5: Grinding & Screening

According to different application directions, coconut shell activated carbon often needs to be ground to different particle sizes. Therefore, we use grinding equipment and screening equipment to help complete this process.

Step 6: Packaging

After grinding, we will use a packing machine to pack the coconut shell activated carbon into bags, usually 25kg/bag. Then they will be loaded into trucks or stored in warehouses.

biomass carbonization process layout agico
Coconut Shell Carbonization Process
carbon activation process layout agico
Coconut Shell Carbon Activation Process
coconut shell crushing
Coconut Shell Crushing & Screening System
coconut shell carbonization
Automatic Coconut Shell Carbonization System
coconut shell carbon activation
Coconut Shell Carbon Activation System
activated carbon washing
Coconut Shell Activated Carbon Washing System
activated carbon grinding
Coconut Shell Activated Carbon Grinding & Screening System
activated carbon packing
Coconut Shell Activated Carbon Packaging System
Raw materialMoisture<15%; Granularity:1-20cm; Ash<3%;
Finished carbonized materialMoisture<1%; Ash<5%; Volatile component:15-18%; Granularity:1-10cm;
Discharge temperature350-400℃
Temperature after cooling<50℃
Total power<100kW
Steam volume1.5-3t/h (saturated superheated steam)
Steam pressure8kg
Steam flow rate1.5-2.2t/h
Carbonization kiln inside temperature<650℃
Flue gas incinerator temperature800-950℃
Induced draft fanPower:40kW; Air volume:35000m³/h; Wind pressure:2530mpa;
Feeding methodElevator & Screw feeder
Carbonization conditionAnoxic carbonization
Dust removal methodCyclone dust collector + Bag filter + Spray system
Cooling methodRotary kiln cooling pipe + Water cooling device
Equipment materialQ345 heat-resistant steel
Refractory materialSteel wire fibre castable,High aluminum refractory brick
Insulation thickness>40cm
Refractory material aluminum content>45%
Refractory material temperature resistance>1300℃
Flue gas volume15000m³/h
Temperature sensing thermocoupleQuantity:5; Temperature resistance>1200℃;
Carbonized materialMoisture<1%; Granularity:1-10cm; Ash<5%;
Activated carbonIodine adsorption value>1100mg/g; Methylene blue>10ml/0.1g;
Discharge temperature350-400℃
Temperature after cooling<50℃
Total power<100kW
Steam volume1.5-3t/h (saturated superheated steam)
Steam pressure8kg
Steam flow rate1.5-2.2t/h
Activation kiln inside temperature950-1050℃
Flue gas incinerator temperature900-950℃
Induced draft fanPower:20kW; Air volume:20000m³/h; Wind pressure:1300mpa;
Feeding methodElevator & Screw feeder
Activation conditionSaturated superheated steam + High temperature + Penetration activation
Dust removal methodCyclone dust collector + Bag filter + Spray system
Cooling methodRotary kiln cooling pipe + Water cooling device
Equipment materialQ345 heat-resistant steel
Refractory materialSteel wire fibre castable,High aluminum refractory brick
Insulation thickness>40cm
Refractory material aluminum content>45%
Refractory material temperature resistance>1300℃
Flue gas volume10000m³/h
Temperature sensing thermocoupleQuantity:3; Temperature resistance>1200℃;

AGICO Coconut Shell Activated Carbon Making Machine For Sale

AGICO provides customers with a full range of activated carbon making machines and comprehensive services. Whether your raw material is wood, coconut shell, bamboo, coal, or others, no matter how much output you need, we will provide you with customized solutions!

Choose Us Is To Choose

One-to-one Free Consultation

Tailor-made Solutions

Full-range Technical Support

Attentive After-sales Services

Full Set Of Accessories

Maintenance & Technical Upgrade

Raw Material Crushing Equipment: hammer crusher, roller crusher, screener, conveyor, dust collector, etc.

Raw Material Carbonization Equipment: carbonization rotary kiln, water cooler, waste heat boiler, incinerator, burner, etc.

Carbon Activation Equipment: activation rotary kiln, bucket elevator, draught fun, combustion chamber, feed bin, etc.

Washing Equipment: washing tank or washing pool, rotary dryer, etc.

Grinding & Screening Equipment: Raymond mill, vibrating screener or rotary screener, feeder, etc.

carbonization rotary kiln agico
Carbonization Rotary Kiln
bucket elevator agico
Bucket Elevator
water cooler agico
Water Cooler
cyclone dust collector agico
Dust Collector
activated carbon dryer
Rotary Dryer
carbonization plant waste heat boiler
Waste Heat Boiler
activated carbon conveyor
activated carbon crusher
Hammer Crusher
burner agico

If you have any questions or want to get a quotation directly, please contact us in time. For your production needs, we will provide you with perfect solutions and detailed quotations!


Cost Of Establishing A Coconut Shell Activated Carbon Plant

The average cost of building a coconut shell activated carbon plant is about $15000 to $1.5 million. We cannot give an accurate quotation because the price is affected by factors like output, equipment selection, and special process requirements. Whether you are a new starter or already have your own plant, if you trust AGICO, please send us your site size, ideal output, application field, process requirements, and other detailed information, and we will provide you with the most suitable solution.

Some Applications Of Coconut Shell Activated Carbon

Water treatment: used to remove organic matter, residual chlorine, odor, and heavy metals in water, purifying drinking water, industrial water, and sewage.

Air purification: used to remove harmful gases, volatile organic compounds, and odors from the air.

Food & beverage industry: for the removal of color, odor, and harmful substances.

Medicine & cosmetics: used in the preparation of medicines, oral cleaning products, facial masks, etc., to absorb and remove impurities.

Environmental protection: used for the adsorption and removal of pollutants in soil and water, which is helpful for environmental governance and waste disposal.

Flue gas purification: used for flue gas purification in chimneys and coal-fired industries to remove particulate matter and harmful gases.

medicine industries
flue gas
beverage industry
cosmetics industry
sewage industry