AGICO offers EPC projects for fully automatic carbon activation plants with a daily output of 3-10 tons. The customization service is available so that we can meet any production needs.

PLC Controlled

Environmental Friendly

Energy Saving


carbon activation process agico

What is carbon activation? Carbon activation is a crucial link in the activated carbon production process, which is located after biomass carbonization. The purpose of carbon activation is to use steam or chemical substances to remove the tar substances and cracking products accumulated in the pore structure during the carbonization process so as to improve the surface area of ​​the pores and the adsorption capacity. The carbon after activation treatment is so-called activated carbon, which has super adsorption capacity and is widely used in our daily life and industrial production.

AGICO is professional and experienced in offering activated carbon making machines and activated carbon plants. We mainly adopt activated carbon rotary kiln and physical activation process to realize carbon activation. Physical activation usually refers to gas activation. It uses water vapor, carbon dioxide, or air as the activating gas, and selectively oxidizes the carbonized material at a high temperature of 800-1000 °C so that the original pores in the material are further enlarged, new pores are generated, and the tar and other substances are removed.

Advantages Of Physical Activation

High Strength Of Activated Carbon

Excellent Adsorption Of Activated Carbon

Wide Application Of Activated Carbon

No Need For Post-Processing

Almost No Pollution

Simple Process

AGICO carbon activation plants can produce a broad range of activated carbons, as long as your raw material is carbon-containing material. Combined with a crushing and screening unit, whether you want to produce powdered activated carbon, columnar activated carbon, granular activated carbon, or honeycomb activated carbon, our production line can satisfy your need!

organic waste gas treatment activated carbon
coal granular activated carbon
wood powder activated carbon
honeycomb activated carbon agico
gold refining activated carbon
shell activated carbon agico
Raw MaterialIodine Sorption ValueMethylene BlueMoistureIntensityYield RateDaily Output (t)
Coconut Husk>1000>9.5<3>982.1:13-5
Apricot Kernel Shell>1000>10<3>962.3:12.6-4

If you have any questions or want to get a quotation directly, please contact us in time. For your production needs, we will provide you with perfect solutions and detailed quotations!


Carbon Activation Process

carbon activation process layout agico

Preheating Stage (800℃):

The activation rotary kiln will be firstly preheated by a burner. Then the carbonized material is fed into the feed bin by a bucket elevator and enters the activation rotary kiln through the frequency conversion feeder. With the rotation of the kiln body, the material gradually enters the preheating stage and the temperature rises to about 800 °C.

Activation Stage (900-1050℃):

The draught fan feeds an appropriate amount of oxygen into the kiln, and then the steam is turned on. The steam is penetrating steam, and 4 tons of steam is required to produce 1 ton of activated carbon. After the carbonized material reacts with steam and oxygen, the temperature rises rapidly to 900-1050°C. The time when the material is in contact with steam is called activation time. According to different temperatures and oxygen supply, the activation time is about 30-40 minutes, that is, the material moves forward with the rotating kiln body at a speed of 6 meters per hour. At this stage, the original pores in the material are further enlarged, new pores are generated, and the tar and other substances are removed.

Cooling Stage (30-40℃):

After activation, the activated carbon enters the discharge pipe at the end of the kiln and gradually cools down to 200 ℃. Then it automatically slides down to a water cooling device outside the kiln. After a 3-minute anaerobic cooling, the temperature of the activated carbon drops to 30-40°C.

Waste Gas Treatment Stage:

A combustion chamber is equipped at the end of the kiln. Behind the combustion chamber is a waste heat boiler. The high-temperature exhaust gas (about 800℃) drives the waste heat boiler to generate steam, which is used to activate the carbonized material. After that, the exhaust gas enters the exhaust gas treatment equipment such as the bag filter and spray tower for purification.

AGICO Carbon Activation Equipment

All production equipment of AGICO carbon activation plant adopts a PLC control system, which has small labor demand, controllable production quality, and safe operation.

Main Equipment Configuration: bucket elevator, screw feeder, feed bin, activation rotary kiln, waste heat boiler, cyclone dust collector, bag filter, water cooler, PLC control system cabinet, combustion chamber, draught fan, spray tower, chimney, etc.

activation rotary kilns agico
Activation rotary kiln
waste heat boiler agico
waste heat boiler
cyclone dust collector agico
cyclone dust collector
feed bin agico
feed bin
water cooler agico
water cooler
bucket elevator agico
Bucket elevator
combustion chamber agico
combustion chamber
draught fan agico
draught fan
burner agico
bag filter agico
bag filter

* All of the above equipment is optional and customizable. The configuration is according to the customer’s production needs.

Carbonized materialMoisture<1%; Granularity:1-10cm; Ash<5%;
Activated carbonIodine adsorption value>1100mg/g; Methylene blue>10ml/0.1g;
Discharge temperature350-400℃
Temperature after cooling<50℃
Total power<100kW
Steam volume1.5-3t/h (saturated superheated steam)
Steam pressure8kg
Steam flow rate1.5-2.2t/h
Activation kiln inside temperature950-1050℃
Flue gas incinerator temperature900-950℃
Induced draft fanPower:20kW; Air volume:20000m³/h; Wind pressure:1300mpa;
Feeding methodElevator & Screw feeder
Activation conditionSaturated superheated steam + High temperature + Penetration activation
Dust removal methodCyclone dust collector + Bag filter + Spray system
Cooling methodRotary kiln cooling pipe + Water cooling device
Equipment materialQ345 heat-resistant steel
Refractory materialSteel wire fibre castable,High aluminum refractory brick
Insulation thickness>40cm
Refractory material aluminum content>45%
Refractory material temperature resistance>1300℃
Flue gas volume10000m³/h
Temperature sensing thermocoupleQuantity:3; Temperature resistance>1200℃;
Activation Rotary Kiln Size (m)Capacity (t/d)
Daily Consumption Of Carbon Activation Plant
ManpowerElectricityForkliftMaintenanceWater (softened)Production CostDaily Output
2 person/shift40-60 Kw/hr1 set/72 tons100 RMB/day1-2 ton/hr300-400 RMB/ton3-10 tons
Workshop & Supporting Facility
Workshop Dimension (m)Power SupplyOperation/2 ShiftsInstallation PeriodManufacture PeriodAffiliated LabAffiliated Control Room
H:8 x W:8 x L:50>50 Kw5 person (incl.maintainer)50 days50 days1 (20m2 )1 (10m2)

Why Choose AGICO

Superior Service

We provide design, manufacture, installation, test-run, operation training, maintenance, and other services for activated carbon EPC projects.

Rich Experience

We have professional sales teams and technical teams and have successfully completed hundreds of activated carbon EPC projects at home and abroad.

Advanced Technology

AGICO adopts advanced automatic control technology and carbon-gas co-production technology to ensure efficient and low-energy production.

Successful EPC Projects

sri lanka carbon activation
Sri Lanka Carbon Activation EPC Project
indonesia carbon activation
Indonesia Carbon Activation EPC Project
Malaysia activation plant agico
Malaysia Carbon Activation EPC Project
Russia activation plant agico
Russia Carbon Activation EPC Project
LocationProjectQuantity (set)Annual Capacity (t)Cooperation MethodDate
ThailandCarbon activation plant24000EPC2015
YunnanCarbon activation plant11500EPC2016
Sri LankaCarbon activation plant22000EPC2016
ThailandCarbon activation plant48000EPC2017
Malaysia Carbon activation plant24000EPC2018
IndonesiaCarbon activation plant110000EPC2019
RussiaCarbon activation plant115000EPC2020